What is elementary education?
Elementary education is the primary education that a person must have. In India, it is popularly known as primary education.
In the United States and other countries of the world, it is known as elementary education, and the schools are called elementary schools. But here in our country, we refer to these schools as primary schools.
Elementary education begins at the age of 5 and finishes when the person is 12-13 years old. Here in our country India, elementary education commences from Class 1 and goes up to Class 6or 7.
The concept of Elementary education does not involve Kinder Garden and pre-schooling. That is why, in India, elementary school is from Class 1 through Class 7.
Why is Elementary Education important?
Elementary education is essential no matter if you are living in a developing country or a developed society.
For example, when South Korea started its journey as a nation-state, it was fragile. Still, after spending in the education sector, especially in elementary education, South Korea became a developed nation.
Now South Korea has a GDP of over $25,000, per capita (1). But, back in the year 1950, it was a developing country with no fundamental amenities.
People are now educated, doing wonders in every field, use the latest technologies, etc. But would have all these things happened if the government had not declared education as a mandatory part.
Similar is the case with other developed countries in Europe and America. All the developing countries still need to spend a significant amount of capital on primary education.
We must not ignore the fact that the importance of elementary education in India insanely increased in comparison to the rest of the world. Both higher education and elementary education are necessary, but in India, primary school is more significant than higher education.
The reason for this is because if anyone wants to overcome poverty in our country, then primary education is the best tool for it.
India’s central hurdle is poverty. The Indian government needs to bring back millions of people out of poverty. But they can’t do this unless the focus is on elementary schools and education.
Elementary education does not mean a single classroom with books and a teacher. It also includes nutrition, proper clothes, and the creation of an environment where a kid can grow and learn new things every single day, a situation that will help to bring out the best in a kid.
Infrastructural requirements like chairs, table, essential books, the required stationery, are all needed.
We need to do more than just teaching the children. We need to teach them how to imagine and bring out their hidden talent.
For bringing people out of poverty, we require social mobility. Social mobility won’t be attained unless we concentrate on elementary education and the sector of health.
On the other hand, higher education seems not to solve this obstacle.
Higher education begins when the children come out of high school. So if the child is five or below years old and lives in a low-income family, then the child requires primary education, not the higher one.
Hence if the government is spending money only in the field of higher education, then that is not going to change the status of the child and his family.
Problems with Elementary Education and schools in India
There are multiple severe problems and issues with the system of elementary education in our country.
Some of the problems are as follows:
- Infrastructural Requirements
Infrastructure is a big issue that elementary education experiences in India. It includes a lot of other things as well.
- Girls Toilet
The main reason why so many girls prefer to drop out of elementary education is the toilets. Most of the elementary schools don’t have separate toilets for girls.
- Proper Toilets for Children
Even is there are toilets in schools, they are not proper, clean and hygienic. The unavailability of appropriate toilets is a serious matter of concern in Indian elementary schools.
Even Electricity is a matter of concern. Still, there are thousands of schools out there that do not have a proper supply of Electricity.
- Drinking-Water Facility
Clean Drinking water is not available in numerous Indian Elementary schools. Many of the schools don’t even have taps.
- There are many other issues like transportation, proper teachers, and much more.
Elementary schools and elementary education both are vital for the development of the nation and upliftment of the poor.
We must not ignore the need for and importance of Elementary education in our country.