Thousands of lives are sacrificed each year in our nation due to tragedies caused by fire. According to the statistics, around 27,000 people in India had died in a fire in 2017. This means that every fifth person in the world whose death was caused by a fire is in India. Many fire accidents in the country are caused by negligence which can be prevented. The interference of a fire and safety team at the right time can save the lives of many. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (1), the accidents caused by fire are of three types. These include domestic fires, industrial accidents, and wildfires that have the potential to destroy vast forests and grasslands. This attracts the need for fire and safety courses in India.
Over the past decades, India has had drastic improvements both economically and technically. Many schemes and policies by the government have helped to get the benefits of industrialization even to the most rural areas. Since 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has commenced the Ujjwala (2) and Ujjwala Plus schemes which provide more than 50 million liquified petroleum gas connections and cylinders to those in need. It will be delivered to the country areas and the economically weaker sectors of society. As the LPG availability increases, so does the chances of domestic accidents caused by damaged or leaky cylinders. The same threat applies to electrical connections, which can cause fire due to short circuits.
Why choose fire and safety courses?
Due to various reasons, such as those mentioned above, fire accidents in India are increasing every year. Such a situation calls for heightened concern and attention to the fire and safety department. Our country requires more young people to take up a career that ensures the safety of the citizens. Fire and safety personnel is highly necessary for industries, local fire forces, security agencies, and all kinds of offices. In the coming years, this demand is sure to be increased.
Moreover, with the increasing rate of unemployment in the country, versatile choices like fire and safety courses can give job opportunities to many. As of now, the country endures a shortage of graduates from fire and safety courses. It is estimated that India has employment opportunities for 15,000 to 25,000 fire and safety experts. If you learn any kind of fire and safety courses, you will surely have a successful career along with the dignity of saving people’s lives.
The classifications of fire and safety courses
It is important to note that fire and safety courses are of various types before you decide to take that route. To apply for these courses, you need to obtain a secondary school certificate (SSC). Fire and safety courses can also be chosen upon completion of a degree in engineering, science, or other streams. There are mainly seven categories of fire and safety courses:
- Industrial Training Institute (ITI) course
- Diploma course in Fire and Safety
- Bachelor of Science in Fire and Safety
- Postgraduate diploma/degree in Fire and Safety
- Engineering (Fire and Safety)
- Certificate courses in Fire and Safety
- Assorted Fire and Safety courses
You can choose the university and type of course according to your preferences but always remember that top companies recruit from the top colleges. A certificate from universities with a high reputation can help you find a decent position easily. You must also make sure that you are applying for courses approved by the government. Contacting the alumni of the institution which you wish to study in can also help to make better choices. Let’s take a glance at the different varieties of fire and safety courses in detail.
Industrial Training Institute (ITI) course
The fire and safety courses offered by Industrial Training Institutes can be completed in one year. Most of the ITIs in the country are owned and run by the governments of the respective states. Some private firms also run an Industrial Training Institute. However, after graduating from the ITI, you may have to take a test or write a qualification exam to be eligible for jobs. The most notable fire and safety courses from ITIs are:
- Fireman Training Course.
- Fire Officer Course.
- Fire Systems Operations Course.
- Sub Fire Officer Course
- Fire Prevention & Safety Course
Diploma course in Fire and Safety
You are eligible for a diploma course in Fire and Safety after the completion of SSC, HSC or an equivalent qualification. Diploma courses take somewhere between 11 months and two years to be attained. Some of the leading diplomas in safety courses include:
- Diploma in Fire Safety and Engineering.
- Diploma in Industrial Safety.
- Diploma in Fire Fighting Equipment and Maintenance
- Diploma in Fire and Hazard Prevention.
Bachelor of Science in Fire and Safety
As Fire and Safety courses are gaining recognition day by day, more prestigious universities and colleges are offering a Bachelor of Science degree in it. After graduating from this degree, you can further get a Master’s degree or a post-graduate diploma which opens doors for more opportunities. Fire and safety courses are gaining more importance because of the range of qualifications it offers. As you earn more qualifications, you will be eligible for a better job position and salary. Some of the top Bachelor of Science courses in Fire and Safety are:
- Bachelor of Science – Fire, and Safety
- Bachelor of Science – Health Safety and Environment.
- Bachelor of Science – Industrial Safety
Postgraduate diploma/degree in Fire and Safety
You are eligible to apply for a postgraduate diploma or degree in fire and safety after completing a BSc in a similar stream. These are also highly specialized and make you qualified for top positions in industries. Some of the postgraduate diploma/degree courses are:
- Postgraduate Diploma in Fire Safety and Hazard Management.
- Advanced Diploma in Industrial Safety.
- Postgraduate Diploma in Industrial Safety.
- Master of Science in Fire Safety and Hazard Management.
- Postgraduate Diploma in Health Safety and Environment.
- Advanced Diploma in Safety Management.
- Master of Science, Health, Safety, and Management.
- Post Graduate Diploma in Fire and Risk Assessment.
Engineering (Fire and Safety)
Most of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) do not offer an engineering degree in Fire and Safety. Regardless, the Cochin University of Science and Technology (3) has a BTech course in Fire and Safety which is highly valued all over India. Many other private universities and colleges also offer this category of Fire of Safety courses. The top engineering degrees in Fire and Safety are:
- B.Tech in Fire Safety and Hazard Prevention.
- B.Tech in Industrial Risk Assessment.
Certificate courses in Fire and Safety
You are eligible to study a certificate course in Fire and safety after the completion of a secondary school certificate (SSC) from the Central Board of Secondary Examination (CBSE) or Council for Indian School Certificate Examination or ICSE. You will also have to be fluent in English and Hindi to enter these types of Fire and Safety courses. Usually, certificate courses can be completed within six months. Some of the main types of graduate courses are:
- Certificate in Fire Safety and Hazard Management.
- Certificate in Fireman Training.
- Certificate in Industrial Safety Course.
- Certificate in Driver and Pump Operator.
- Certificate in Safety Management
- Certificate in Fire Safety and Security Management.
Assorted Fire and Safety Courses
Realizing the importance of Fire and Safety courses, many other educational institutes have started a plethora of such courses of various durations. Some of these are
- Master of Business Administration in Fire and Safety
- Paramedic course in Fire and Safety
- Basic Fire and Safety Course